Calvert planned on creating a haven for English Roman Catholics, most of whom were well-to-do nobles such as himself who could not worship in public. In Jamestown, Virginia for example, a colonist would be given 50 acres plus an additional 50 more for each indentured servant he brought with him. Here is a list of characteristics to consider when comparing the colonies: reasons for founding the colonies economic activities in the colonies agriculture, industry immigration and settlement patterns religious groups and religious freedom interactions between Native Americans and European settlers geographic features colonial leaders system of labor slavery, indentured servitude education representative government social classes The four Middle Colonies of Colonial America consisted of a mix of both northern and southern features and its early settlement was dominated by non-English Europeans, mostly Dutch and German, the English colonists were in the minority. He offered freedom of conscience, and in time Baptists, Quakers, and Jews moved there. The Virginia Colony's first export was tobacco. Plantations and slavery became a major part of the Georgian economy.
The Virginia Colony was the home to many important political figures in America's history including four of America's first five presidents. Because ofthis region's location South of the two other regions , it wasnamed the Southern Colonies which consis … ted of Maryland, Virginia,North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The Charles Town settlement developed more rapidly than the Albemarle and Cape Fear settlements due to the advantages of a natural harbor, and it quickly developed trade with the West Indies. In 1607, James I ordered the establishment of , the first permanent settlement in America. The stress on personal piety opened the way for the First Great Awakening, which pulled people away from the established church.
At the time, they consisted of South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, and Georgia; their historical names were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, the Province of Carolina, and the Province of Georgia. Connecticut enacted its constitution, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, in 1639. Colonization Although the Lost Colony on Roanoke Island was the first English attempt at settlement in the Carolina territory, the first permanent English settlement was not established until 1653, when emigrants from the Virginia Colony with others from New England and Bermuda settled on the shores of Albemarle Sound in the northeastern corner of present-day North Carolina. South Carolina had never been able to gain control of the area; however, American Indians had been forcefully pushed back from the Georgia coast after the Yamasee War, excepting a few villages of defeated Yamasee who became known as the Yamacraw to distinguish them from the Yamasee in Florida and among the Creek. The more money slaves made for their owners, the more the Southern elite were committed to slavery and its permanence. All but New Hampshire were founded as havens for various religious groups, including Puritans, Separatists, and Quakers.
The original names of the Southern Colonies were the Province of Maryland later Maryland , the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia , the Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee , the Province of South Carolina, later South Carolina and the Province of Georgia, later Georgia. In 1664, Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch leader, surrendered to the English. Each region was founded for a different reason and attracted a different group of people. Bacon then burned Jamestown before abandoning it, and continued his rebellion until dying from disease. Georgia was not a real presence in the fight against Great Britain. But there is a great difference between dealing with a king-in-exile desperate for money, and dealing with a king successfully enthroned in possession of his own army and navy.
Georgia James Oglertorpe founded the colony to be a place where debtors could make a fresh start. The dissenters grew much faster than the established church, making religious division a factor in Virginia politics into the American Revolution. Plymouth then, New England vs. Tobacco was sometimes used as money, and the colonial legislature was obliged to pass a law requiring tobacco planters to raise a certain amount of corn as well, in order to ensure that the colonists would not go hungry. Oglethorpe intended for Georgia to be a utopia of hard work and social equality, so he outlawed slavery and large landholdings. North Carolina The banks of North Carolina were the site of the first colonizing attempts by the English. After the death of James I in 1625, King Charles I founded Massachusetts Bay which led to the founding of the Connecticut and Rhode Island colonies.
In the South especially, slaves often represented a significant proportion of the local population. The Founding of the American Colonies The original 13 colonies of America were founded on the eastern coast of what is now the United States between the years of 1607 and 1733. The western area of the colony remained under the control of the Creek Indian Confederation until after the American Revolutionary War. In the original grant, a narrow strip of the province extended to the Mississippi River. Colonies such as Maryland were founded as a refuge for other persecuted religious groups. Georgia became the fourth state in 1788. Georgia also served as a refuge for the poor debtors in 1732.
Baltimore became the second-most important port in the 18th century South, after Charleston, South Carolina. Massachusetts The Pilgrims first arrived at what would become the Massachusetts colony in 1620. Economic Gain In the Southern colonies, economic incentives often trumped religious intentions. At the end of the Civil War, the new monarch rewarded some of his supporters by naming them as the proprietors of a new colony, which they called Carolina. As a result of these restrictions and because England wouldn't let its debtors out of prison , Georgia attracted very few settlers, and those who did come complained constantly about their situation. In 1665, the charter was revised slightly, with the northern boundary extended to include the lands of settler-invaders along the Albemarle Sound who had left the Virginia Colony.
King George, however, was unconcerned about English debtors. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company. The Church of England was legally established; the bishop of London made it a favorite missionary target and sent in 22 clergymen by 1624. England was the main customer of crops and goods exported by the Southern Colonies. First, they were largely opportunistic, with many people coming simply to make money i.
Although it was intended as a refuge for Catholics, a significant part of the population was Protestant, and Protestants later gained control of the colony during the English civil wars. The name Virginia was first applied by and in 1584. The only way to at least tackle the point is to look for the first two distinctive colonies, to check the motives, the religion, and every thing comparable: to say Virginia vs. But Carolina also had another problem: the Spanish in Florida kept attacking them. So his son Cecilius Calvert was the one who got the charter.
Consequently, there was no recognized and legal government for more than two years. Raleigh was North Carolina's major town and Charleston was South Carolina's major town. The Patriots, led by Thomas Jefferson, disestablished the Anglican Church in 1786. In 1624 the Virginia Colony was made a royal colony. Maryland also ceded some territory to create the new District of Columbia after the American Revolution.