Value describes the brightness of color. An eagle is attached to his head, enveloping his head with its wings. Not everything applies to every work of art, nor is it always useful to consider things in the order given. Is it figurative or abstract? This means that you will begin with a detailed description of the art object, using the , and eventually conclude with what makes this piece a successful or unsuccessful one. Space in a work of art refers to a feeling of depth or three dimensions. Colour: Is colour or gilding added to the sculpture? What was the source of inspiration for the artwork or what motivated the artist? Is the colour of the material of special importance? What is the relationship between the linear and volumetric elements? Because they are neither vertical nor horizontal, they are either about to fall or are already in motion.
I will use this different artifacts and paintings to exemplify how to systematically analyze a historical artifact while going through the aforementioned points. You must still make an argument about something, but in this case you will use art instead of, say, dialogue from a play to build and defend your argument. Visual analysis is the basic component of art historical writing. Hals, Frans 1582-1666 1624 Oil on canvas, Wallace Collection, London. Interpretations ought to present the work in its best rather than its weakest light. Rubens 1577-1640 1609-10 National Gallery, London A masterpiece of Biblical art, it shows the full impact of the Italian Renaissance and the later Italian Baroque on Rubens' art.
Iconographic Analysis: This is a study of the content of images and symbols, as understood by art historians. The formal analysis can itself take up different forms. This is a look into larger historical trends. There is a variety of line thickness and direction in the brush strokes of color. Scholarly art criticism · Written for a more specialized art audience and appears in art journals. For example, if you noticed point 3 that the artist used a lot of bright red paint - ask yourself why? Barnet, A Short Guide to Writing About Art 9th edition, 2008 , pp. Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal government.
How to Interpret a Painting - A Few Simple Tips When analyzing a painting, don't forget - it is merely paint arranged in a certain way. This section is primarily a few sentences to give the reader a sense of what the work looks like. · Scholar-critics may be college and university professors or museum curators, often with particular knowledge about a style, period, medium, or artist. La Meninas by Diego Velazquez uses perspective through the placement of his images in his form of art work. The disproportionate amount of negative space accentuates the figure's vulnerability and isolation. Although his work is displayed throughout various art museums, the actual work is not his own. You may already have found this tendency helpful in reading your textbook or other assigned readings.
Is it an abstraction of something? Effect of particular medium s used i. The subject matter evokes a clam feeling while the colors successfully use contrast to create a calm excitement in the night time sky. First, translating something from a visual language to a textual language is one of the most vital tasks of the art historian. New York: Harper Collins College, 1993. The lines delineate sections of the landscape, which recede into space.
Dark colors can often convey a sense of mystery or foreboding. Your perceptions of balance, proportion and scale relationships of each part of the composition to the whole and to each other part and your emotional j. Unless otherwise stated, A rtsE dge materials may be copied, modified and otherwise utilized for non-commercial educational purposes provided that A rtsE dge and any authors listed in the materials are credited and provided that you permit others to use them in the same manner. The area around the primary objects in a work of art is known as negative space, while the space occupied by the primary objects is known as positive space. Is it a representation of something? Others will expect you to go further and comment on the significance of what you have observed. Take inventory of what is represented, beginning with major motifs.
Does it have a descriptive or expressive function? How do they make you feel? Look at this in a broader social context of the time. Characterization; consider age, pose, movement, attire, body build, skin quality, facial expression; psychological focus; emphasis on an anatomical or other parts, relationship of drapery or other clothing to the body? Consider the following when analyzing a work of art. If so, there must be some significance attached to it. For analysis of pictures produced during the nineteenth or twentieth centuries, please see: 1800-2000. Is it a non-objective work? It looks closely also at composition and the Attributes of Art emotional, aesthetic, spatial. Patronage Analysis: Patronage analysis is an examination of the experience of an art object. Do forms and surrounding space interpenetrates? Value can be used with color as well as black and white.
Velazquez 1599-1660 1618-22 Wellington Museum, Apsley House, London Velazquez' most famous genre painting or bodegon. Light colors often describe a light source or light reflected within the composition. The setting for this religious story was 16th century Venice. This now hangs in the National Gallery in London. Tintoretto Jacopo Robusti 1518-94 1565 Scuola Grande di San Rocco, Venice Mannerist-style panoramic scene of Golgotha.
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Madonna of the Rocks 1483-5 Oil on panel, Louvre, Paris This rare painting by Leonardo was installed in the chapel of the Immaculate Conception, in the church of San Francesco Grande in Milan. Elements or general shapes architectural structural system within the composition, including building of post-lintel construction or painting with several figures lined up in a row; identification of objects e. The spacing between the stars and the curving contours making it a dot to dot effect. Be sure and think about whether the work of art selected is a two-dimensional or three-dimensional work. For instance, a drawing of a rock might appear to have a rough and hard surface, but in reality is as smooth as the paper on which it is drawn.