A scientific study of the working of these political dynamics helps to explain the political behaviour of individuals and different groups. Politics is necessitated because diversities in social environment cause conflicting demands on the common good. David Held has viewed politics or political science in a different way. The significance of the Marxist approach is in the fact that it calls for a deeper scrutiny of the meaning and nature of politics. This is what India today actually is. It would also be nice for the government to put in the same time and effort as they did for their campaign into doing what is right for the people of the Virgin Islands.
Now-a-days by politics we generally mean the activities associated with the governance of a country or area. Study of the past, present and future of development- political science attempts to explain the meaning and the essential nature of the state and deals with the laws of its progress and development within itself and in relation to international organizations and other states. Social issues in relation to development and environment. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as the determining of the distribution of power and resources. The success or otherwise of the governance structures is gauged by political scientists who examine the multifaceted and multilayered factors at work that contribute to good or bad governance. Conclusion : As a matter of fact the scope of Political Science is so wide that it will not suffice to choose any one of the methods mentioned above.
It may and usually does involve the persuasive influence and effort of the government to resolve conflicts through its balanced policy decisions. Hence model resembles something which is quite big or large. Population, territory, government and sovereignty. Growth of new social science research methods. Herbert Spencer's comparison is another glaring example of the wrong use of this method.
In this era of welfare state many positive programmes such as removal of untouchability, land reforms, release of bonded labourers, prohibition of trafficking in human beings and begar forced labour , introduction of minimum wages, employment generation programmes, empowerment of the other backward classes are all examples of positive aspects of practical politics. The facts of natural sciences are susceptible of evaluation; they are governed by uniform and invariable laws, each particle of matter is identical with every other of its own kind. Maximum State intervention leads to loss of liberty. As different people pursue different interests, such activities tend to generate disagreement, competition and conflict. Its scope has been changing as well as expanding.
Views of political thinkers are bound to be prejudiced or coloured on account of racial, religious, linguistic or nationalistic factors. Adult Education and other new experiments have been unsuccessful to a very great extent. Within the geographical area of the state there are many institutions, agencies and organisations. Industry has significant role in environmental protection. The success or otherwise of the governance structures is gauged by political scientists who examine the multifaceted and multilayered factors at work that contribute to good or bad governance. With the advent of globalization, there has been a concomitant rise in the interest taken by the people of the world in understanding the political systems of other countries. While the knowledge of Political Science as a discipline is acquired through study, the skill of practical politics is acquired through politicking or manipulations and craftiness or by exploiting caste and regional loyalties and religious sentiments.
But this would not be a violation of equality. Theory : A theory is a supposition of a system of ideas intended to explain something. And when we take the positive view into consideration we shall discuss the arguments given in the favour of the scientific nature of Political Science. The problems are both global and national and all these pose serious challenges not only to our planet but also to our way of life. Because, a values, interests and curiosity of the investigator influence his choices of topics. Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Jeffrey J.
When used in the former sense, the singular should be employed, when used in the latter sense, the plural is justifiable. Political Science studies the activities of the State and explains the aims and objectives of the State and government. In this sense, it is an analytical study of what the State is. I feel that there are too many variables in political beliefs that are gray areas and are subjective. We can measure temperature, humidity and the force of wind but we cannot determine how hot were the passions of a mob. It is interesting to study the nature of relationship between individual and state and to examine how man adjusts within the society.
Ever since man started living an organized social life, Politics has come to play a very important role. Political Science studies about the State, its origin, its nature, its functions and so on. Post behaviorists argued that political scientists should be more concerned with values, with issues of justice, freedom, equality and with political activity. The science of politics states conditions; the philosophy of politics justifies preferences. It evaded problems of large scale change. Developing countries want accelerated growth to fulfill their basic needs and real question is should they follow footsteps are their big brothers, yes Developed countries? Political Sciences: Some writers, notably the French, employ the term Political Sciences in preference to Political Science.
Political Science, on the other hand, conducts the scientific study of the nature, conditions, origin and development of the State and the government. Miller, emphasies the disagreement nature of politics in his The Nature of Politics. A study of environmental science is getting lot of attention not only in the field of pollution control but also to sustain the life and nature. There are many people in the world today who believe that man is not necessarily a political animal and he is also selfish but man prefers to live in the state because it is more advantageous for him to live there than outside it where lawlessness prevails. Our practical experience teaches us that power illegitimately used also finds a place in political science. There is hardly a field of life which it does not regulate.
He cannot live in isolation, because he is not self-sufficient and the natural instinct to survive compels him to live a collective life. This is purely an ethical standpoint and Aristotle viewed politics in that light. It is therefore, a study of past, present and future of the State. The study of the State has since remained the focal point for the political scientists. We may say that in political crisis the opinion of a cabinet will have weight but we cannot say how much will it be. In this sense, it is a historical investigation about the origin of the State. Man is the root of politics.